Scattered Coins

KEYWORDS

The following keywords are concepts you will likely come across as you begin your journey to understanding crypto. Therefore, we have simplified their definition in a way that explains the concept for easy comprehension to aid your rapid adoption of the technology in your daily living.  For example, there is much more to the understanding of the word Bitcoin, but we want to give you a highly simplified definition to help you start to grasp the idea in the easiest way.  

2FA

2 Factor Authentication, a two-step verification method of security.

2nd Layer

Decentralized solutions built on top of a public blockchain to extend its scalability and efficiency e.g. Lightning Network.

Altcoin

All other types of cryptocurrencies besides bitcoin. 

AML

Anti-Money Laundering.

Bitcoin

All the computers that are connected together to use Bitcoin software as a payment system. This includes all programmers, and individuals who own and use Bitcoin as money.

Block Reward

Payment in cryptocurrency given to any crypto miner who verifies a block of transactions and is able to add it to the blockchain network.

Blockchain

A software technology that allows trusted transactions to occur between 2 or more parties, without the need for a middleman. It was declared a successful innovation when Bitcoin was created in 2009. Bitcoin blockchain was the first successful blockchain software that enables payment between individuals without government influence or control. Blockchain software can be used to power any type of data transfer between individuals without the fear of fraud because it offers transparency, data security and accountability due to the decentralization of data.

Bitcoin

The first widely accepted online money created without physical cash backup or government control. It is called cryptocurrency and was created with a software technology called the blockchain. Bitcoin functions as money and a store of value.  It has influenced the creation of thousands of other cryptocurrencies.  Bitcoin is the most well know form of cryptocurrency.  Many people who don't have a full undersanding may use Bitcoin as a generic term to refer to all cryptocurrencies (similar to how people use Coke as a general term for all soft drinks). 

Trustless System

A system that does not require trust in a middleman to facilitate an exchange between individuals.  This is a core principal of Bitcoin.  The idea is that you don't have to trust anyone.  You just trust the math and code.  With Bitcoin for example, the source code (code that makes it operate) is open source (available to anyone to look at).  Additionally it uses a Distributed Ledger.  So you don't have to trust any one centralized authority to make sure the Ledger is correct because it is distributed.  So if one copy of the Ledger is intentionally or unintentionally changed, you have countless other copies to provide accurate copies of the Ledger. 

BTC

An abbreviation for Bitcoin.

BTFD

Buy The F***ing Dip.

Cold Storage

Storage for cryptocurrencies that is not connected directly to any internet access.

Cryptocurrency / Crypto

An umbrella term for all types of digital currencies created on a blockchain. Some related terms are often used interchangeably, like  crypto, token, or coin. They are digital assets that represent value and often function as money, therefore they can be transferred, exchanged or used to make payments for goods and services online.

DeFi

Decentralized Finance - all types of traditional financial services that have been created on blockchain to operate without a middleman like a payment system without bank or brokerage etc.

Disintermediation

Removal of intermediaries (middle-men) in a market to create direct access between consumers and suppliers of good and services. 

Distributed Ledger

A database of record that is shared and consistently updated among multiple parties for transparency and accountability purposes.

DYOR

Do Your Own Research.

Exchange

A platform where individuals connect to trade between cryptos and/or fiat currencies.

Fork

A fork occurs on a blockchain when there is a change in the direction of rules. When the change requires a total upgrade, a new blockchain and new currency are formed. E.g. Bitcoin cash was a fork of Bitcoin.

FUD

Fear, Uncertainty and Doubt.

Gas

Fee charged to execute certain operations on a blockchain.

HODL

A variant spelling of HOLD. Meaning to Hold assets for long term investment purpose. Also short for Hold On for Dear Life.

KYC

Know Your Customer laws.   Traditional law that requires business to know who they are dealing with, particularly by having an individual provide acceptable identification

Ledger

A record-keeping book on which financial transactions are recorded, this can be physical or digital.  Think of a checkbook ledger or a ledger on an excel spreadsheet.

Leverage

Having access to invest with a capital that is greater than a trader’s available funds either through borrowing or using such privilege available on some crypto platforms.

Lightning

Lightning Network is a second layer solution that functions on Bitcoin blockchain to offer users cheaper transaction fees and faster processing.

Network Effect

An increase in the value of a product/service due to an increased user base.

NFT

Non-Fungible Token - a type of digital asset that cannot be replicated like normal currency.

Nodes

Computers that can be linked to a network.

Noobie

Newbie/Novice. A person who is new to a particular area, in this case Bitcoin or Crypto.

Peer-to-Peer

Person to Person or Individual to Individual.

Private Keys

The most sensitive data that grants access to a crypto wallet.  Think of it similar to a PIN.

Proof of Stake

The process of mining new currency on the blockchain where a miner is empowered to verify and add transaction blocks to the chain because the miner has staked some coins on the network.

Proof of Work

The process for mining new currency on the blockchain, which requires that miners solve difficult mathematical puzzles. The first miner to solve the mathematical puzzle is able to verify a new block of transactions and add it to the chain. This miner is then rewarded with new cryptocurrencies for the work done.

Public Address

Wallet Address which are a set of digits that suffice as the destination of the digital asset. Think of it similar to a bank account number.

Satoshi Nakamoto

The founder of Bitcoin.  This name is believed to be a pseudonym and the exact identity of this person or group is not known.

Seed Phrase / Seed Words

Recovery phrase (a list of words) that grants secure access to digital assets. Often used with wallets such as the Trezor.

Smart Contract

A set of computer programs that executes predetermined actions on a blockchain when specific requirements are met.

Strong Hands

Traders in the currency market are termed to have strong hands when they are resilient and hold on to assets despite market conditions.  People with strong hands in the bitcoin/crypto space may also be called Hodlers.

Utility Token

A cryptocurrency created to be used on a blockchain network primarily to facilitate some specific processes.

Wallet

A crypto wallet stores the records of the money an individual owns on a blockchain so the assets can be readily accessed for use - either to hodl, spend, receive or trade. A wallet has a private key (PIN) and a public address (account number).

Wallet (Hardware)

A physical device that stores cryptocurrency assets. One such example is a Trezor wallet.

Wallet (Paper)

Digital assets are secure in offline wallets when the private key is written or printed on paper to keep it away from internet access.

Wallet (Software / Electronic)

Wallets that are assessed online and are constantly connected to the internet like mobile, web, and exchange wallets. A commonly used Software Wallet is Exodus.

Weak Hands

Traders in the crypto market are said to have weak hands if they are easily change their investment plan as a result of little changes in market price and/or FUD.